Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (Under Department of School Education and Literacy,Ministry of HRD,Government of India) Vadavathoor P.O., Kottayam Dist, Pin:686 010, Kerala.Ph.No:0481 2578402 , Email:jnvkottayam@yahoo.co.in

The Career Planning Process

Courses available after 12th class – Career options for you after 12th

There are usually three streams that students always look for and these are Art, Science and commerce. Apart from these general streams, there are many other new courses available in the schools like electronic science, computer science. If we talk about the vocational courses after there is a long list for that. There are n numbers of courses available after 12th class with good career opportunities and jobs. We can categorize these courses as per the streams.

  • Courses available after 12th Commerce
  • Courses available after 12th Science
  • Courses available after 12th Arts

Science and Engineering
Most percentage of students thinks for engineering as their career options after taking science. Few of the engineering courses after 12th are Mechanical Engineering, Electronic engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Electronic and communication, Medical courses, Teaching courses, B.E etc. There are lots of good career options and high paying jobs available after these courses. If you done your engineering from IITs, NITs or from other top engineering colleges than the changes are more to get you placed in big companies and MNCs from campus recruitment.
Computer course BCA and MCA are the most suitable courses if you want to make you career especially in computer field. In BCA and MCA you will learn the basic and advance programming languages, computer concepts, theory of computers etc. You will be finally achieved degree of Master in computer application. There are various universities like IGNOU, Delhi University, Sikkim Manipal University, Symboisys etc which provides these courses. know more about courses after science.
Commerce and Finance
Student with commerce background generally enters in financial sector unless they have changed their line. Commerce and finance is co-related. Student who have studies commerce at 10+2 level generally choose the following courses
B.Com(P), B.Com (H)
Diploma or certification course in Banking and finance
B Com (Honors in Accounting and Finance)
B.Com (Banking & Insurance)
B.Com (Financial Markets)
B. Com (Banking and Insurance)
B.B.M (Bachelor of Business Management)
Know more about career options in commerce
For those who have taken Arts
Having academic knowledge is not enough now days, we are moving to completive age and there is too much competition in the market. You need to prove yourself in every possible space, apart from your academic strength. One should have the basis knowledge of computers which is most desirable eligibly criteria in almost all the jobs. So if you are in college and have arts, commerce, science or any other subjects, you must go for basis computer course. There are lots of big and small institutions like NIIT, Aptech, Arena, Heights and many more to name which provide basis and advance computer education with practical’s.
Short Term and Diploma courses after 12th
There are many short term courses, diploma courses available after 12th in the field of Audio Video Editions, camera and lighting, print Broadcast media, animation, visual effects etc.
List of the courses
Bachelor Degree Mass Communication & Journalism Course
Diploma in Film Arts & A/V Editing
Diploma in Animation including 2D & 3D Effects
Diploma in Print Media Journalism & Communications – Six Months
Camera & Lighting Courses
Diploma in Filmmaking & Digital Video Production
and many more to name. Course duration of these courses is from 6 moths to 1 year.
How to choose best courses for better career ?
Students get confused what to do after 10th class? What subjects/course stream they should select after 10th for better career options? We all know that the ultimate goal is to get a good and satisfactory job with high salary package.
What to do after 10th class?
9th & 10th class is the first step where a student should start thinking about their career and future goals. What stream they should choose also depends on this. So if you think to be a doctor in future then you must choose science stream after 10th and should also give a special consideration on it. Be careful and choose the only stream that could help you in achieving your goals. You should in fact take advice from your parents, elders, teachers and also should meet with the people who already working in the same area.
If you want to prepare for civil services then what course steam should you choose? There are few things to consider, fist is your interest, second thing is your weakness and the last is the easiness. Normally it has been seen those who prepare for IAS, IPS and other civil services chose history, public administration and political science subjects. So after 10th or 9th class you should choose arts if you want to prepare for Civil services. Future plans are very important and should keep in mind before selecting your stream. You can also prepare Civil services with other steams like commerce and science by choosing your favorite two subjects but these are the favorite and recommended ones.
If you want to make your career in medical or engineering line, you should choose science stream after 10th or 9th class. Guidance is very important so don’t forget to take good advice and consult with your elders, teachers, parents about your interest and future plans. You should also know the nature of work that people do there and what are the responsibilities and duties they are assigned to and what is the future growth? while exploring a career option.
Most of the students don’t care about their future and take any subject stream without prior goal, future plans and career options. This is the right stage where one must make the future plans and decide goals. As per the student’s mentality, Arts steams is considered as the low grade, commerce as medium and science as the high grade subject, so most of the students go with commerce stream without any future plans. This is how generally students choose their subject stream after 10th.
So before selecting your course/ stream/ subjects one must take the following into consideration.
What are the career options available after the stream you choose?
What you want to be in future? Would the subject or stream you choose after 10th, be able to meet your goals etc.
Below are the few popular areas and their related courses

Job Area

Best Courses and Steam

Medical- Doctor

Science stream with Biology

Engineering- Civil, Mechanical, Computer Science, Electronic

Science with Physics, Chemistry & Math

Financial- C.A, C.S, ICWA, Banking & insurance sector

Commerce Stream

Civil Services – IAS, IPS, IFS etc

Arts Stream is recommended

IT Sector – Programmer

Science is advisable but you can also take commerce

Teacher- TGT, PGT

Arts, Commerce or Science

Air force, Navy


What courses to choose after 12th – Quick and short term Courses after 12th
A question begins to arise in mind as one passes the 12th class examination that what courses to choose after 12th. Students begin to start searches for the best courses career oriented courses after 12th. Most of the students already have their mind set about the courses to take after passing 12th class but some don’t. This is an important stage where students those who have not yet decided what to choose after 12th should make a decision. Sometimes students don’t care and takes admission in wrong courses only to enjoy regular college lifestyle but soon they find that they have wasted their 3 years. Apart from Science, commerce and Arts stream there are many other courses where you can make your career bright, find good job opportunities and high salary packages. Following tips will help you to choose the best courses and stream after 12th.
Think what is your favorite filed, area want to work with?
What is the favorite subject you like the most?
Would this subject be able to achieve your goal?
What are your strength and weakness?
Do you want to work along with your study?
Is quick money is the only motto?
And the last thing is your pocket strength.
Now here is a long list of various courses that you can choose after 12th.
B.A Courses
B.A. (Hons) Applied Psychology
B.A. (Hons) Economics, English, French, German and B.A (Hon) with other specific languages
B.A. (Hons) Hindi Journalism, Mass Communication, Mathematics, Music, Philosophy, Pol Science, History etc
B.A. Vocational Studies B.B.E.
Commerce Courses
B.Com (P)
B.Com. (Hons)
Science Courses
B.Sc. (Genl) Mathematical Science
B.Sc. (Hons) Anthropology, Bio-Chemistry, Biomedical Science,  Botany, Chemistry, Computer Science
B.Sc. (Hons) Electronics, Food Technology, Geology, Home Science Communication & Extension, Home Science Fabric & Apparel Science, Mathematics, Microbiology, Physics, Polymer Science, Statistics, Home Science Food & Nutrition, Home Science Resource Management, Human Development
B.Sc. Applied Life Sciences
Bachelor of Business Studies
Other Courses
B.Ed. and B.El.Ed.
If you want to do short term courses for quick job then there are many short term diploma and certificate courses for you. These following courses will help you to get a quick job and high salary packages in future as you gain the experience.
Mass communication, Animation, Web Designer, Copywriter, Content Writer, Marketing, Internet marketing, Programming, Business Analyst. These are list of few good courses after 12th which can provide you higher salary. There are many institute and colleges which provide degree and diploma in these courses after 12th class. Best of luck for your good career.
Job oriented courses after graduation
What is the ultimate goal after completion of your study; undoubtedly it is a good job with high salary. There are various short term job oriented courses. Below is the list of good job oriented courses
Short term Job oriented courses for commerce after 12th or graduation: if you have passed your 12th class with commerce or graduation (B.Com) and want to get job after a short period of time then you can go for Telly. Telly is a short term computer course, after successful of telly course you would be eligible for executive accountant, junior accountant post.
Job Opportunities: there are lots of job opportunities in this field but the salary packages are not so handsome. You can only drive 7k to 12k initially from Telly course. But if you have a degree, (C.A, C.S, ICWA) then you can get high salary packages.
Web Designing: Web designing is a short term course and after this course you can get instant job in various IT company as a web designer. Creativity is the key of success in web designing. If you are creative then there is no salary bar for you in this field. You can also drive salary 40k to 50k pm in web designing. There are various institutes for web designing courses in India. Web designing is one of the good short term job oriented course.
Content Writing: Content writing is very simple but you can drive higher salary with this job. There are various kind of content writers like General content writers, medical content writers, financial content writers etc. So if you are a science student with Biology subject at Graduation level then you can try for medical writing jobs. For medical writers there should be specific degree/certification but for general content writing, there are not such obligations. Medical content writers get higher salary compare to banking and general content writers. General content writing covers topics like travel, education, industry specific services, products, copy writers etc. You can easily earn 15k to 25k initially with content writing job. It is one of the best job oriented course after graduation.
Investment Banking Career Courses & Jobs Opportunities
Banking finance & commerce is one of the growing field where there are many career options available for the students. Banking, finance and commerce is very vast industry and lots of job opportunities are available in this field, there are few areas where students can make their career and get higher salaries, like Investment Banking, Taxation, Forensic Accounting, Financial Analysis etc , a commerce students with a degree of chartered accountant (CA) have lot of other options in this fields.
Lets talk something about Investment banking: This job related to raising funds for business it can be banking, industry, company, financial company, investment company, insurance company etc. The only purpose is to raise the funds for the business. Services offered by an investment banker are securities, investing in stock market, managing broker and dealer operations. Intelligence, forecasting, commitment, quick decision maker, enthusiastic, hard work and devotion is very important to be a successful investment banker.
Investment banking Course Details & Career options
Courses are available for both undergraduate and postgraduate level. For graduate level one needs to be 10+2 and for postgraduate one should hold graduation degree in relevant field. Banks and financial institution have great demand of such people who have a passion, dedication for the work. With the globalization the opportunities for investment bankers are rising and people are getting handsome salaries and incentive in this field. More attractive packages are available for deserving candidates who have prior experience and proved skills. There are lots of institutes for such courses in India which offer education and training. Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India University (ICFAI) and Society of Certified Investment Bankers are the top most institutes in the field.
Investment banking firm & Companies
Banking and financial companies are more aggressive in this filed and also knows as biggest investment banking recruiters.
Investment banking salary and remuneration
Students can get minimum 20k to 25K initially from the starting and after having experience in this field one can get higher salary packages beyond the expectation and incentives, great bonus as well in this field.


Choosing the right career

Choosing the right career can be a very daunting task especially in a world which offers an array of paths, all of which seem to be leading to a golden goal.  Careers can actually make or break one’s life, so it is important to make the right choice. Career guidance can help you in pursuing the right courses, in the right colleges or institutes and can guide you in choosing a suitable career.

Choosing a career can be very satisfying if you have made the right choice. Like the famous adage goes, if you choose the job you love, you don’t have to work a single day in your life.  On the other hand, a wrong decision can leave you wishing that you had trodden a different path.
While doing a career search it is imperative to have the correct career information.  An informed choice is always a better bet than an uninformed one.  The right career advice can help you to choose a career to suit your personality as well as your aspirations.
Education, of course, plays an important role in getting you the right job in your chosen field.  The stepping stones or pre-requisites for choosing your dream career are of course, the qualifications required to achieve it.  With the right qualifications, the top careers are open to you and the power of choice would be with you.
Career counseling can guide you in selecting the courses suitable for you.  It could be an undergraduate course or an Associate Bachelor’s, the choice depends on various factors including convenience and requirements.  For some careers, a Bachelor’s degree will do, but others may require a Master’s or even a PhD.
The choice of the university is vital as well, as each one differs in its outlook and approach.  The choice offered by various universities is also vast; with some of them offering Associate Degrees and online degrees, which make pursuing the requisite qualifications that much easier.  This is especially so, if you are already in a job, and looking for a career change.  The same is also helpful, if you are planning to pursue multiple courses at the same time.
With proper career coaching, a job search would be easier and you would be able to bridge the gap between job-availability and your qualifications.  Whether one is looking for a new career or a career change, career guidance can help in smoothening out this important path of transition.

Important Steps to Take for Your Career Development

Career development and the career planning process include a number of specific steps that help to identify personal skills and attributes. Finding out how those skills can be utilized in the job market is accomplished by researching a number of career fields that are of interest to you and then by gaining experience in those fields and/or speaking to people currently working in the field. Participating in some form of experiential education will help you to identify if the field is the right choice for you.
Here are some of the tips that can help you to choose the right career:
1.      Ask yourself what you are passionate about. If you can turn your passion into a career then you have a satisfying work life ahead of you.
2.      Ask yourself what you think needs to be changed in the world. Sometimes it’s tough to figure out what you are truly passionate about. It may be easier to identify where you would like to see change in the world. Then you can choose a career through which you can help create that change.
3.      Consider what you are good at. Honestly assess what tasks you excel at. Choosing a career that utilizes those skills is a smart idea since you will naturally be successful in the work.
4.      Ask yourself what you would like to be the best at. One great tip is to ask yourself what you would like to be better at than anyone else. This is something that you’d be driven to do well at in your career.
5.      Take a career test. There are many tests out there to help you choose the right career. Although they may not provide an exact answer, they can be a useful tool for narrowing down your options and seeing what might work best for you.
6.      Speak to a career counselor. These people are available to assist you in figuring out what career options are realistic for you.
7.      Consider going to therapy. Many times the reason that you’re stuck when choosing a career is related to unresolved issues from your past. Work with a therapist to unblock yourself and select the career that is truly in line with your heart’s desires.
8.      Brainstorm a list of careers you may enjoy. Go through the list and prioritize them. Take the first three and do further research into them to choose the career path that seems right for you.
9.      Shadow people in various careers. It can be tough to choose a career based only on theory or academic interest. Shadow people at their jobs, interviewing them about the nature of the work. This gives you a realistic picture of what the career will be like so you can get a sense of whether or not it’s right for you.
10.  Attend career talks and lectures. Learn firsthand what people are doing in different careers. Ask questions about the experience. This information is invaluable when making a decision.
11.  Ask your friends, family, teachers and employers what they think would be a good career for you. A third party perspective can be very helpful. Make sure that you take what they say with a grain of salt and make the final decision yourself but use their advice to explore options you may not have considered yourself.
12.  Ask yourself if there are any volunteer activities or classes you’ve really enjoyed in the past. Can these be turned into a career plan?
13.  Reflect on the difference between a career and a job. A career is a lifelong plan that isn’t limited to working for a specific company or in a specific position. Sometimes people make the mistake of choosing just a job that sounds good and thinking that’s a good career plan. Choose a career path first then find a job in the industry that is relevant to your career ideals.
14.  Review the educational requirements for your career. Some people think a career path sounds great but then see how much schooling is required and change their minds. Do your research to choose a career that will be realistic for you.
15.  Consider the leading “hot careers”. There are a vast array of different job opportunities within these careers so if you’re completely stuck for a path to choose then consider these.
16.  Think about the financial aspect. Many people try to choose a career based solely on their personal interests. If that can’t support you financially then you may end up disillusioned with your decision. Ask yourself honestly how much money you need to make annually and find a career that meets that need and satisfies your personal interests as well.
17.  Consider the non-financial perks as well. What great perks would you love to have from your career? Would you prefer a flexible schedule or the ability to work from home? Do you want a job that allows you to travel the world? Identifying these perks can help narrow down your options so that you can choose the right career path.
18.  Explore what you’ve loved and hated about past jobs. This will help you to identify what you are truly seeking a career.
19.  Remember that you can always change your mind. This is an important decision and you should give it a lot of thought but it’s not a permanent decision. Be willing to take some risks.
20.  Trust your gut. Your head may not know what you want to do but your heart probably does!

Designed By Unnikrishnan P P,JNV,Kottayam